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Why mortgage lending is so tight in 2012

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Mortgage lending is now tighter than Fort Knox.

Tight lending in 2012

The housing market continues to struggle as Realtors report one in three contracts now fail, up nearly 10 percent from the year prior and now the top challenge of the housing industry. Failures are due to declined mortgage applications or failed underwriting as appraised values are coming in below the negotiated price, according to the National Association of Realtors.

But why is lending so tight? Why are banks making things so difficult? It seems that now, more than ever, contract failures is the last thing the housing sector needs.

In a recent unsolicited and unplanned letter from the Federal Reserve chairman to Congress suggested that the housing market has the potential to be fixed and while Republican Senator Hatch publicly asserted that Bernanke was stepping out of bounds by influencing policy, the letter explained in detail why lending is so tight.

In the letter, the Fed notes, “Other data show, for instance, that less than half of lenders are currently offering mortgages to borrowers with a FICO score above 620 and a down payment of 10 percent – even though these loans are within GSE parameters. This hesitancy on the part of lenders is due in part to concerns about the high cost of servicing in the event of loan delinquency and fear that the GSEs could force the lender to repurchase the loan if the borrower defaults in the future.”

The Texas Real Estate Center (RECON) explains that the Fed asserts concerns about the high cost of mortgage servicing stem from:

  • the realization of how expensive it is to resolve a nonperforming loan,
  • uncertainty about what it will cost to comply with new mortgage servicing-related regulations and
  • the potential change in the way Mortgage Servicing Rights (MSRs) are treated for capital requirements under Basel III (new international banking regulations).

RECON analyst, Gerald Klassen writes, “The good news is that we can understand the reasons. The bad news is that self-preservation may prevent the problem from being fixed.”

Klassen notes recent reports that it costs a servicer 75 basis points or more to service a defaulted loan compared with the 25 basis point servicing fee it receives, making it a losing business.

FHA loans are also difficult to obtain, with various factions, including the Department of Housing and Urban Development calling for a loosening of credit score minimums. According to the Asset Securitization Report, “Lenders are telling HUD officials the agency must first change FHA’s lender/monitoring system known as Neighborhood Watch so they aren’t stigmatized for making loans to borrowers with lower credit scores.” Lenders with higher default rates will have higher Neighborhood Watch ratios than other which RECON says could lead to audits and indemnification demands.

“Don’t forget to add the risk of government and private lawsuits and judicial foreclosure proceedings to the list of concerns about making loans that are more likely to default,” Klassen says. “If you were a lender facing all these challenges, would you make the loan? Demonization of mortgage lenders and servicers makes for great political theatrics. But it doesn’t make them want to lend more.”

Tara Steele is the News Director at The American Genius, covering entrepreneur, real estate, technology news and everything in between. If you'd like to reach Tara with a question, comment, press release or hot news tip, simply click the link below.

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30 Comments

30 Comments

  1. Greg Cook

    January 24, 2012 at 7:11 pm

    Tara, interesting article.
    As lenders we have to recognize our job is to make loans to people who WILL pay us back.
    Loan performance data shows significantly higher default rates for credit scores at 620 as compared to those at 640. Maybe the solution isn't to make loans to people with low credit scores but to work with them to get their scores to an acceptable level?

    No one talks much about DTI but DU will approve loans with a 50% DTI. That borders on absurd! When you add another 20-25% for Federal and state income tax, 8% plus for social security, we're asking families to live on less than 20% of their gross and we haven't taken into consideration luxury items like food and utilities.

    I'm a lender and have been one since 1981 and IMHO the solution to the housing crisis to to put families in homes who CAN and will make the payments.

  2. Precious

    January 25, 2012 at 7:26 pm

    "This hesitancy on the part of lenders is due in part to concerns about the high cost of servicing in the event of loan delinquency and fear that the GSEs could force the lender to repurchase the loan if the borrower defaults in the future." —> I can clearly understand why mortgage lender is tighter. Default loans can be extremely challenging and costly to fix and it is on the lender's shoulders to bear and fix the problem once the borrower cannot settle the debt anymore. There should be reconciliation in loan approval and monitoring.

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Economic News

Is the real estate industry endorsing Carson’s nomination to HUD?

(BUSINESS NEWS) Ben Carson’s initial appointment to HUD was controversial given his lack of experience in housing, but what is the pulse now?

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NAR strongly backs Dr. Carson’s nomination

When President-Elect Donald Trump put forth Dr. Ben Carson’s name as the nominee for Secretary of Housing and Urban Development, NAR President William E. Brown said, “While we’ve made great strides in recent years, far more can be done to put the dream of homeownership in reach for more Americans.”

At the time of nomination, the National Association of Realtors (the largest trade organization in the nation) offered a positive tone regarding Dr. Carson and said the industry looks forward to working with him. But does that hold true today?

The confirmation hearings yesterday were far less controversial than one would expect, especially in light of how many initially reacted to his nomination. Given his lack of experience in housing, questions seemed to often center around protecting the LGBT community and veterans, both of which he pledged to support.

In fact, Dr. Carson said the Fair Housing Act is “one of the best pieces of legislation we’ve ever had in this country,” promising to issue a “world-class plan” for housing upon his confirmation…

>>>>>Click to continue reading…<<<<<

#CarsonHUD

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Economic News

Job openings hit 14-year high, signaling economic improvement

The volume of job openings is improving, but not across all industries. The overall economy is improving, but not evenly across all career paths.

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Job openings hit a high point

To understand the overall business climate, the U.S. Labor Department studies employment, today releasing data specific to job vacancies. According to the department’s Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey (JOLT) for April, job openings rose to 5.38 million, the highest seen since December 2000, and a significant jump from March’s 5.11 million vacancies. Although a lagging indicator, it shows strength in the labor market.

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The Labor Department reports that the number of hires in April fell to 5 million, which indicates a weak point in the strong report, and although the volume remains near recent highs, this indicates a talent gap and highlights the number of people who have left the labor market and given up on looking for a job.

Good news, bad news, depending on your profession

That said, another recent Department report notes that employers added 221,000 jobs in April and 280,000 in May, but the additions are not evenly spread across industries. Construction jobs rose in April, but dipped in professional and business services, hospitality, trade, and transportation utilities. In other words, white collar jobs are down, blue collar jobs are up, which is good or bad news depending on your profession.

Additionally, the volume of people quitting their jobs was 2.7 million in April compared to the seven-year high of 2.8 million in March. Economists follow this number as a metric for gauging employee confidence in finding their next job.

What’s next

If you’re in the market for a job, there are an increasing number of openings, so your chance of getting hired is improving, but there is a caveat – not all industries are enjoying improvement.

If you’re hiring talent, you’ll still get endless resumes, but there appears to be a growing talent gap for non-labor jobs, so you’re not alone in struggling to find the right candidate.

Economists suspect the jobs market will continue to improve as a whole, but this data does not pertain to every industry.

#JobOpenings

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Economic News

Gas prices are down, so are gas taxes about to go up?

Do low gas prices mean higher gas taxes are on the way? Budgeting for 2015 just got a bit more complicated, if some politicians have their way.

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Gas taxes and your bottom line

Many industries rely heavily on time in their vehicle, not just truck drivers and delivery trucks. Sales professionals hop in their vehicles throughout the day, as do many other types of professionals (service providers like plumbers, and so forth). For that reason, gas prices and taxes are a relevant line item that must be budgeted for 2015, but with politicians making the rounds to push for higher gas taxes, budgeting becomes more complicated.

Gas prices are down roughly 50 cents per gallon compared to a year ago, which some analysts say have contributed to more money in consumers’ pockets. Some believe that this will improve holiday sales, but others believe the timing is just right to increase federal taxes on gas. The current tax on gas is 18.40 cents per gallon, and on diesel are 24.40 cents per gallon.

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Supporters and opponents are polar opposites

Supporters argue as follows: gas prices are low, so it won’t hurt to increase federal gas taxes, in fact, those funds must go toward improving our infrastructure, which in the long run, saves Americans money because smoother roads mean better gas mileage and less congestion.

Gas taxes have long been a polarizing concept, and despite lowered gas prices, the controversial nature of the taxes have not diminished.

While some are pushing for complete abolition of federal gas taxes, others, like former Pennsylvania Governor, Ed Rendell (D) tell CNBC, “Say that cost the average driver $130 a year. They would get a return on that investment” in safer roads and increased quality of life, he added.

The Washington Post‘s Chris Mooney points out that federal gas taxes have been “stuck” at 18 cents for over 20 years, last raised when gas was barely a dollar a gallon and that the tax must increase not only to improve the infrastructure, but to “green” our behavior, and help our nation find tax reform compromise.

Is a gas tax politically plausible?

Mooney writes, “So, this is not an argument that a gas tax raise is politically plausible — any more than a economically efficient tax on carbon would be. It’s merely a suggestion that — ignoring politics — it might be a pretty good idea.”

Rendell noted, “The World Economic Forum, 10 years ago, rated us the best infrastructure in the world,” adding that we “need to do something for our infrastructure, not in a one or two year period, but over a decade.”

Others would note that this rating has not crumbled in just a few years, that despite many bridges and roads in need of repair, our infrastructure is still superior to even the most civilized nations.

Regardless of the reasons, most believe that Congress won’t touch this issue with a ten-foot pole, especially leading up to another Presidential campaign season starting next year.

“I think it’s too toxic and continues to be too toxic,” Steve LaTourette (the former Republican congressman best known for his close friendship with his fellow Ohioan, Speaker John Boehner) tells The Atlantic. “I see no political will to get this done.”

Whether the time is fortuitous or not, and regardless of the positive side effects, many point to a fear of voters’ retaliation against any politician siding with a gas hike, so this matter going any further than the proposal stage is unlikely.

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