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Opinion Editorials

Realtor background checks include reputation, character: legal?

Background checks on Realtors and Appraisers are not new, but including DMV records, reputation, and mode of living, is new. Without obtaining your permission, is this even legal?

questionable background checks

questionable background checks

A questionable new industry standard

We have a new “industry standard” making an appearance for both Appraisers and Realtors®. Those of us who do work with Appraisal Management Companies (AMCs) and complete Broker Price Opinions (BPOs) are being asked to submit to and pass mandatory criminal background checks – “to ensure that every person who conducts business on their clients’ behalf observes the highest of standards and professional ethics,” according to an email from the LSI Division of Lender Processing Services (LPS).

This isn’t exactly new in terms of many states’ professional licensing protocol, or even the majority of most companies hiring policies these days. It is a subpar procedure in the way that the policy is being implemented, and possibly a violation of the Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA).

States which require criminal background checks for licensees utilize their own State Bureau of Investigations and FBI databases to determine if there have been any felony or misdemeanor convictions. Some states will also look at court records for additional information, if available online. 

The current requests for background checks

The current requests many of us have been receiving for background checks, from companies like LPS/LSI (a preferred valuation partner of National Association of Realtors’ (NAR’s) Realtors Property Resource (RPR), and thereby those Realtors® who hold NAR’s Broker Price Opinion Resource (BPOR) certification) along with DataQuick, are being conducted by third parties, such as LexisNexis and Sterling. 

At least as far as LPS/LSI is concerned, in their email, which includes a link to LexisNexis, and explains that four questions will have to be answered to verify identity, which product to select (there was only one option), it also says what LPS/LSI wants SSN verification, a felony/misdemeanor record check, a national criminal record file check, and a global sanction search. 

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However, upon getting ready to pay for (yes, Realtors® and Appraisers have to fork over the bucks for these) these verifications and searches, LexisNexis has a disclaimer/authorization as to what they themselves may be pulling up, looking into, whatever, and it’s a hell of a lot more than mere criminal records. 

Reading the fine (and questionable) print

According to the LexisNexis website, items may include; “information regarding my credit worthiness, credit standing, credit capacity, character, general reputation, personal characteristics, or mode of living. This report may be compiled with information from credit bureaus, court record repositories, department of motor vehicles, past or present employers and educational institutions, governmental occupational licensing or registration entities, business or personal references, and any other source required to verify information that I have voluntary supplied. I understand that I may request a complete and accurate disclosure of the nature and scope of the background verification; the extent such investigation includes information bearing on my character, general reputation, personal characteristics, or mode of living.

It is one huge leap from requiring criminal records and verifying identity to potentially pulling credit, other court records, DMV records, speaking with past employers, personal references, obtaining school records, and digging into one’s character, reputation, or mode of living – a person’s way of life (which is quite subjective – does one become disqualified if their “way of life” is gay, anti-semitic, or nudist?). 

While LexisNexis has a nice CYA in the form of a checkbox authorizing the go-ahead and appears to be in compliance with current laws, LPS/LSI has failed miserably at doing so – enter the potential FCRA issues. LPS/LSI did not, in the email sent out to current providers like myself, give notice of the policy change, i.e. that Appraisers and Realtors® would be subject to background checks and ultimately have an investigative consumer report compiled as a condition of employment, separate from any other information, nor did they request any kind of permission to obtain said reports, written, verbal, or electronic.

Time for Appraisers and Realtors® to defend themselves

Per the FTC, employers also have obligations under the Fair Credit Reporting Act. When background checks are conducted for employment purposes, including, hiring, advancement, or maintaining an employer/employee relationship, a disclosure must be given out, and it must be separate from other information. Consent from the employee has to be obtained, preferably in writing. If investigative consumer reports will be used, an additional notice has to be given out that one may be generated, and that the employee has a right for additional disclosures and the scope and summary of the report.

There are times when Appraisers and Realtors® need to join forces and become advocates for ourselves. This is one of those times. We have to know our rights (and we do have them) instead of rolling over and taking it, because something may be becoming a new standard in the industry.

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Written By

Katie Cosner, occasionally known as Kathleen, or KT, is a Realtor® with Cutler Real Estate and is active in her local Board of Realtors® on the Equal Opportunity & Professional Development Committee. She has been floating around online for a number of years, and is on facebook as well as twitter. While Katie has a few hardcore beliefs, three in the Real Estate World to live and die by are; education, ethics, and the law - insert random quote from “A Few Good Men” here. Katie is also an avid Cleveland Indians fan, which really explains quite a bit of her… quirks.



  1. VickiMoore

    July 6, 2012 at 12:04 am

    I had to do a lot of back spacing to get to this answer…calling it “quite subjective” is quite polite.  “…and any other source required to verify information,”  really?

    • Katie Cosner

      July 6, 2012 at 7:42 am

      @VickiMoore This is why i have some major reservations about the whole thing. This type of report doesn’t limit a third-party from speaking with neighbors, friends, or going through social media sites.

  2. JohnDeSouza

    July 9, 2012 at 5:31 pm

    I wonder what exactly is “mode of living”?  Further, what would be an acceptable “mode of living”?

    • Katie Cosner

      July 9, 2012 at 6:08 pm

      @JohnDeSouza Ha. You have *no* idea the lengths i had to go to find the definition to that. It’s really just how one operates, who they hang with, what they do in their off time, where they shop, what they buy, that sort of thing.

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