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Why prices ending in 9 sell best: MIT study

Have you ever wondered why prices at retailers usually end in the number 9? It’s not because it’s a sexy number, there is science behind it.

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pricing with nines

pricing with nines

Why the number nine is so powerful

[ba-pullquote align=”right”]Finding the right price to attach to a product or service is an art.[/ba-pullquote]Pricing your product or services may be one of the most stressful parts of owning a business. You know your service is valuable. You know there is an audience out there that understands that value. But finding the right price to attach to a product or service is an art. If you price something too high, you won’t be as successful. If you price things too low, customers may not think your service is valuable and you won’t be making what you deserve. Finding the perfect balance is important, but it’s also about knowing how customers view prices, especially prices that end in the number nine.

We’ve all seen pricing that ends in the number nine. Take purchasing gasoline, for instance. It always has the same formatting, no matter which gas station you frequent. You’ve seen it in nearly every store you’ve walked into. So, how do you take all of this and apply it to your own pricing? First you must understand the effect that ending a price with a nine can have on your customers or clients.

Experiment: women’s clothing

[ba-pullquote align=”right”]The $39 item sold the best, even better than the cheaper price of $34.[/ba-pullquote]MIT and the University of Chicago conducted an experiment with prices on women’s clothing. They had three basic prices, $34, $39, and $44. Surprisingly, the $39 item sold the best, even better than the cheaper price of $34. However, they did find that sales prices that are listed by the original price can easily beat out a price ending in nine. One reason is the mind sees the first set of numbers and registers it as priced in the 30-dollar range, even when it’s closer to the 40-dollar range. Purchasing an item for $39.99 will seem more of a value than purchasing the same item for $40 even. It’s only different by a penny, but that one penny seemingly takes the price to an entirely lower level, thus increasing the value and the deal.

Customers also sometimes prefer to pay a middle price rather than either end because it can feel as though they’re getting a great deal and it’s better quality than the lowest price. Customers are looking for bargains and value, and that combination can be difficult to come by. And that’s where you and your business come into the picture.

Pricing your own services

[ba-pullquote align=”right”]Be open to change and improvement. Be open to progression.[/ba-pullquote]When pricing your services, consider offering a few price points and end them with a nine for good measure. You may find that your most popular service is the one priced right in the middle. Don’t feel as though you’re trapped once you choose your prices. You can always switch them if they’re not giving you the response you’re looking for. Be open to change and improvement. Be open to progression. That’s when you’ll find success and reach your professional goal.

The American Genius Staff Writer: Charlene Jimenez earned her Master's Degree in Arts and Culture with a Creative Writing concentration from the University of Denver after earning her Bachelor's Degree in English from Brigham Young University in Idaho. Jimenez's column is dedicated to business and technology tips, trends and best practices for entrepreneurs and small business professionals.

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14 Comments

14 Comments

  1. Lane Bailey

    July 6, 2012 at 10:53 am

    The problem with that is real estate search. I find that most consumers search with round numbers… like $100k to $125k. Pricing at $99,999 (or even the popular $99,900) means that the house is missed by a large percentage of consumers. The other thing to keep in mind is that were aren’t talking about a pair of pants, or even a fridge. We are talking about a house. The study specifically focused on a blouse around $40. That is a LOT different than a house that might be several hundred thousand dollars. What do you think?

  2. Mike Schmidt

    July 6, 2012 at 10:56 am

    9 has halways been my number. Born on the twenty-9th, married on 9-9-81 @ 9am. Number nine, Number 9, Number n9ne…

  3. Goodcleanliving

    July 6, 2012 at 11:03 am

    @AgentGenius It doesn’t work in real estate. Cheapens listings and dodges important Boolean search basis. Counter intuitive.

  4. DanielBates

    July 6, 2012 at 1:06 pm

     @Lane Bailey By the same logic that the listing misses the $100-125 range, doesn’t it fall into into the $75-100 range? Wouldn’t a good real estate agent search a larger range for their client anyway? 
     

  5. Lani Rosales

    July 8, 2012 at 8:17 pm

    i was born in 81. do i get a prize?

  6. Mike Schmidt

    July 8, 2012 at 9:38 pm

    You are a prize, but yes.

  7. Lani Rosales

    July 8, 2012 at 11:41 pm

    i sense sarcasm, Schmidty

  8. Mike Schmidt

    July 9, 2012 at 10:26 am

    Never.

  9. Mike Schmidt

    July 9, 2012 at 10:27 am

    And you really are. My days would be less interesting without your posts.

  10. Guyn22wun1

    July 9, 2012 at 1:21 pm

    @DawnaDavies https://t.co/xyjDyodw

  11. Nanette

    July 9, 2015 at 11:19 pm

    $39.99 vs $40.

    More like the businesses think that We, People are stupid and can't do math.

    • Lani Rosales

      July 10, 2015 at 12:04 pm

      Nanette, you're totally right, and since publication of this story, more research has been done that shows that our brains have been rewired to mistrust non-rounded numbers. The major exception is real estate, because of how syndication works (someone thinks they don't want anything $150k or over, so they limit search to under that, making Realtors price homes at $149,999 to be included in said search).

  12. Pingback: The Pricing Power of 9: Does it Work? - PayMotion™

  13. Pingback: Cheeky Sales Coach Episode 20 – Pricing – The Cheeky Sales Coach

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Business Marketing

The rise of influencer marketing and its effect on digital marketing

(BUSINESS MARKETING) More businesses are planning to invest a larger part of their marketing budgets on more relatable, branded content and influencer marketing.

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Influencer speaking to camera for marketing segment.

The digital age has created more savvy consumers, and the barrage of advertising on top of the plenitude of content online can be a lot. Many consumers have learned to hide ads or they simply scroll past them to their content of choice. Most business owners know that digital marketing is a crucial part of any ad strategy, and branded content and influencer marketing continues to grow in the market, because consumers see that it’s different from traditional advertising.

Hardly anything stayed the same in 2020, and traditional advertising also has shifted. Advertiser Perceptions reported on the trend for 2021, based on a survey from late 2020.

“More than half of advertisers using paid branded content and influencers say doing so is more critical than it was a year ago. Throughout the second half of 2020, 32% increased spending on branded content and 25% spent more to back influencers. They’re now putting 20% of their digital budgets into the complementary practices, which is more than they put into any other digital channel (paid search is 14%, display 13%, paid social 12%, digital video 12%).”

The benefits of branded and influencer content are that you are speaking to the consumer where they already are, when you choose an influencer. The people who follow their accounts are more likely to trust that the influencer would only share something they like or use themselves. The best matches are when the influencer marketing fits nicely into the kind of content, the voice, and any specialties they already deal with.

The word “influencer” as well as the concept rubs some people the wrong way. Marketers see the value, though, as influencer marketing can be effective if done well, and the cost to hire them is often less than a traditional ad campaign. If I want to know about food in a city, I’ll follow the hashtags until I find a local food blogger or micro-influencer whose style I like. Then I’ll seek out those restaurants when I visit. Sure, some of the meals are comped, but the truth is that food bloggers and influencers like to share their food recommendations. I have been influenced this way more than once, and not only for food. I am not alone in this, either, which is why it’s an important part of a marketing strategy.

In influencer marketing, the content creator is then given free rein to create within their own style, voice, and persona. They need to connect with their audience in an authentic, familiar way without creating a dissonance for their followers between their public page(s) and the brand. The level of trust is fairly high with influencer marketing, and many influencers realize that promoting something crappy or something outside of their area of expertise or recognition hurts everyone involved.

The power of storytelling comes into play here, as with all good advertising. Branded content is specifically all about the story, often the story of the business’s philosophy or some lifestyle aspect that goes with the brand’s vibe–or is so off that it goes viral. Some branded campaigns join into or build off of conversations already happening in the wider world. The purpose is to have people engage with the brand, with the content, build awareness, encourage conversations, sharing, comments, all with the long term goal of fostering a positive image of the brand so that down the line, they will become consumers.

Think of 2004 Dove’s “Real Beauty” campaign, based on a study showing that around 2% of women saw themselves as beautiful. The widely studied, award-winning campaign featured women of all backgrounds and body types, without airbrushing and Photoshopping them into a narrow vision of “beauty.” While some people hated it, many loved it and applauded the brand for treading into traditionally uncharted waters. Among haters, fans, and people who weren’t sure what to think, the Dove Real Beauty branded content campaign generated conversations. The campaign also encouraged women to feel good about themselves and lift up other women. One could argue that the campaign you could argue that the Real Beauty campaign was a forerunner to the currently popular body positivity movement, which started gaining traction around 2012. Dove increased sales by at least $1.5 billion in the first ten years the branded content campaign ran.

The goal of branded content is to raise awareness of the brand, but the path from point A (creating the content) to point B (brand awareness, ultimately leading to better sales) is not a straight line. Brands are paying attention to grabbing attention, aka building brand awareness via more upper funnel marketing than lower funnel.

One thing that marketers are looking for now, however, is almost eliminating the funnel. With the mind-boggling increase in e-commerce since the beginning of the pandemic, clickable sales capability becomes important in any kind of marketing, including influencer and branded content. It pays to listen to customers, to find an influencer who meshes with your brand’s purpose, and to create thoughtful branded content that isn’t out of line with your core product or service.

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Business Marketing

Need design help? Ask a Designer offers free peer-review for better design

(BUSINESS MARKETING) Good design is more than just slapping some fonts and colors together. Ask a Designer promises free design advice on their new website.

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A white sign in an urban setting reading "In Design We Trust" with glowing yellow lights above.

With the necessity to create and maintain an online presence for our businesses nowadays, content creation is essential. One impact this proliferation of content has had on entrepreneurs, bloggers, and small businesses is that many non-designers have had to take a stab at design work. Sometimes this works out for the amateur designer, but often it could be better: More effective, accessible, and appealing. This is where Ask a Designer comes in.

Creating designs online can be fun, but your average Canva, Squarespace, or WordPress user, for example, has no more of a sense of design than the man on the moon. Design work encompasses so much more than just slapping some words on a stock photo and calling it a day. While there are truly incredible and helpful free or inexpensive DIY design and business tools out there, nothing beats the power of knowledge and experience.

Ask a Designer provides one more level of professional review and counsel before a business owner puts their DIY (or even paid) design work out there for the world to see—or worse, not see. As a writer, I have always valued editorial reviews, comments, and feedback on my writing. Second eyes, third eyes, and more almost always serve to improve the content. It makes business sense to get as much feedback as possible, even better to get expert feedback.

For example, an experienced web designer should have a good idea of how to incorporate and test for UX and UI purposes, thus making the user interaction more functional and pleasant. A skilled graphic designer knows what colors go together for aesthetic appeal, accessibility, and even the psychology behind why and how they do.

Take logos. Pick a color, image, and font you like, and go for it, right? I’m afraid not. There is a lot of data out there on the science and psychology of how our brains process logos. There are examples of logo “fails” out there, as well. Consider the uproar over AirBnB’s logo that many thought evoked genitalia. Or the raised eyebrows when Google changed their color scheme to one similar to Microsoft’s palate. Just search for “logo fails” online to get an idea of how a seemingly innocent logo can go horribly wrong. I haven’t linked them here, because they would need a trigger warning, as many of the worst examples can be interpreted as some sort of sexual innuendo or genitalia. Searchers, be warned.

It always makes good business sense to use professional designers when you have the option, just as it makes sense to use professional writers for copywriting and professional photographers for photography. After all, if you have the chance to get something right the first time, it saves you time and money to do so. Rebranding can be difficult and costly, although sometimes rebranding is necessary. Having a designer review your design (whether logo, WordPress, blog, or other) could possibly help you from missing the mark.

How does Ask a Designer work, and is it really free? It’s super easy—almost like designers had a hand in it! Know what I mean? First, you go to the website or app and enter your question. Next Ask a Designer will assign your question to the appropriate type of designer in their network. Within 48 hours, they’ll get back to you with feedback or an answer to your design question.

While Ask a Designer is available to anyone to use, the website suggests it is especially helpful for developers, teams, junior designers, and business and product owners. They suggest, “Think of us as peer-review in your pocket.” The team at Ask a Designer will provide feedback on specific projects such as websites, logos, and portfolios, as well as answer general questions.

Examples of questions on their website give a good idea of the scope of questions they’ll answer, and include the type of feedback they provide. Sample questions include:

  • “How do I choose colors for dark mode?”
  • “I’d love feedback on a logo for a restaurant.”
  • “I’m an industrial design student and I’d like to move into automotive design. What are some resources that can get me to where I need to be?”
  • “Please send me some feedback on [website link].”
  • “How can I use my brand fonts on my website?”
  • “I’m a full stack software engineer. Are there any resources you could suggest for me to level up my design or UX skills?”

Ask a Designer is new, and so they currently list 2 design experts, each with 20 or more years of experience in their fields. They promise to add more “desig-nerds” soon. It may sound too good to be true, but from what they state on their website, this expert design review service is free. Considering the other excellent tools out there with some free components out there for business, it is possible that this is true. Whether they will add a more in-depth paid version is yet to be seen. In any case, it’s worth trying out the app or website for your burning design questions and reviews.

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Business Marketing

6 tips to easily market your side hustle

(BUSINESS MARKETING) It can be hard to stand out from the crowd when you’re starting a new side hustle. Here are some easy ways to make your marketing efforts more effective.

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side hustle marketing

Side hustles have become the name of the game, and especially during these turbulent times, we have to get extra creative when it comes to making money. With so many of us making moves and so much noise, it can be hard to get the word out and stand out when sharing your side hustle.

Reuben Jackson of Big Think shared five ways that you can market your side hustle (we added a sixth tip for good measure), and comment with your thoughts and ideas on the subject:

  1. Referrals: Don’t Be Afraid to Ask!
    If you’re going to make a splash, you have to be willing to ask for favors. Reach out to your network and ask them to help spread the word on your new venture. This can be as simple as asking your friends to share a Facebook post with information that refers them to your page or website. Word of mouth is still important and incredibly effective.
  2. Start Where You Are
    Immediately running an expensive ad right out of the gate may not be the most effective use of your (likely) limited funds. Use the resources you do have to your advantage – especially if you’re just testing things out to see how the side hustle goes in the real world. You can do this by creating a simple, informational landing page for a small fee. Or, if you’re not looking to put any money into it right away, create an enticing email signature that explains what you do in a concise and eye-catching way. Check out these tools to create a kickin’ email signature.
  3. Gather Positive Reviews
    If you’ve performed a service or sold a product, ask your customers to write a review on the experience. Never underestimate how many potential customers read reviews before choosing where to spend their money, so this is an incredibly important asset. Once a service is completed or a product is sold, send a thank you note to your customer and kindly ask them to write a review. Be sure to provide them with links to easily drop a line on Yelp or your company’s Facebook page.
  4. Be Strategic With Social
    It’s common to think that you have to have a presence on all channels right away. Start smaller. Think about your demographic and do some research on which platforms reach that demographic most effectively. From there, put your time and energy into building a presence on one or two channels. Post consistently and engage with followers. After you’ve developed a solid following, you can then expand to other platforms.
  5. Give Paid Marketing A Shot
    Once you’ve made a dollar or two, try experimenting with some Facebook or Twitter ads. They’re relatively cheap to run and can attract people you may not have otherwise had a chance to reach out to. Again, the key is to start small and don’t get discouraged if these don’t have people knocking your door down; it may take trial and error to create the perfect ad for your hustle.
  6. Go Local
    Local newspapers and magazines are always looking for news on what local residents are doing. Send an email to your town/city’s journal or local Patch affiliate. Let them know what you’re up to, offer yourself for an interview, and give enticing information. The key is doing this in a way that your hustle is seen as beneficial to the public, and is not just an ad.

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