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Why prices ending in 9 sell best: MIT study

Have you ever wondered why prices at retailers usually end in the number 9? It’s not because it’s a sexy number, there is science behind it.

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pricing with nines

pricing with nines

Why the number nine is so powerful

[ba-pullquote align=”right”]Finding the right price to attach to a product or service is an art.[/ba-pullquote]Pricing your product or services may be one of the most stressful parts of owning a business. You know your service is valuable. You know there is an audience out there that understands that value. But finding the right price to attach to a product or service is an art. If you price something too high, you won’t be as successful. If you price things too low, customers may not think your service is valuable and you won’t be making what you deserve. Finding the perfect balance is important, but it’s also about knowing how customers view prices, especially prices that end in the number nine.

We’ve all seen pricing that ends in the number nine. Take purchasing gasoline, for instance. It always has the same formatting, no matter which gas station you frequent. You’ve seen it in nearly every store you’ve walked into. So, how do you take all of this and apply it to your own pricing? First you must understand the effect that ending a price with a nine can have on your customers or clients.

Experiment: women’s clothing

[ba-pullquote align=”right”]The $39 item sold the best, even better than the cheaper price of $34.[/ba-pullquote]MIT and the University of Chicago conducted an experiment with prices on women’s clothing. They had three basic prices, $34, $39, and $44. Surprisingly, the $39 item sold the best, even better than the cheaper price of $34. However, they did find that sales prices that are listed by the original price can easily beat out a price ending in nine. One reason is the mind sees the first set of numbers and registers it as priced in the 30-dollar range, even when it’s closer to the 40-dollar range. Purchasing an item for $39.99 will seem more of a value than purchasing the same item for $40 even. It’s only different by a penny, but that one penny seemingly takes the price to an entirely lower level, thus increasing the value and the deal.

Customers also sometimes prefer to pay a middle price rather than either end because it can feel as though they’re getting a great deal and it’s better quality than the lowest price. Customers are looking for bargains and value, and that combination can be difficult to come by. And that’s where you and your business come into the picture.

Pricing your own services

[ba-pullquote align=”right”]Be open to change and improvement. Be open to progression.[/ba-pullquote]When pricing your services, consider offering a few price points and end them with a nine for good measure. You may find that your most popular service is the one priced right in the middle. Don’t feel as though you’re trapped once you choose your prices. You can always switch them if they’re not giving you the response you’re looking for. Be open to change and improvement. Be open to progression. That’s when you’ll find success and reach your professional goal.

The American Genius Staff Writer: Charlene Jimenez earned her Master's Degree in Arts and Culture with a Creative Writing concentration from the University of Denver after earning her Bachelor's Degree in English from Brigham Young University in Idaho. Jimenez's column is dedicated to business and technology tips, trends and best practices for entrepreneurs and small business professionals.

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13 Comments

13 Comments

  1. Lane Bailey

    July 6, 2012 at 10:53 am

    The problem with that is real estate search. I find that most consumers search with round numbers… like $100k to $125k. Pricing at $99,999 (or even the popular $99,900) means that the house is missed by a large percentage of consumers. The other thing to keep in mind is that were aren’t talking about a pair of pants, or even a fridge. We are talking about a house. The study specifically focused on a blouse around $40. That is a LOT different than a house that might be several hundred thousand dollars. What do you think?

  2. Mike Schmidt

    July 6, 2012 at 10:56 am

    9 has halways been my number. Born on the twenty-9th, married on 9-9-81 @ 9am. Number nine, Number 9, Number n9ne…

  3. Goodcleanliving

    July 6, 2012 at 11:03 am

    @AgentGenius It doesn’t work in real estate. Cheapens listings and dodges important Boolean search basis. Counter intuitive.

  4. DanielBates

    July 6, 2012 at 1:06 pm

     @Lane Bailey By the same logic that the listing misses the $100-125 range, doesn’t it fall into into the $75-100 range? Wouldn’t a good real estate agent search a larger range for their client anyway? 
     

  5. Lani Rosales

    July 8, 2012 at 8:17 pm

    i was born in 81. do i get a prize?

  6. Mike Schmidt

    July 8, 2012 at 9:38 pm

    You are a prize, but yes.

  7. Lani Rosales

    July 8, 2012 at 11:41 pm

    i sense sarcasm, Schmidty

  8. Mike Schmidt

    July 9, 2012 at 10:26 am

    Never.

  9. Mike Schmidt

    July 9, 2012 at 10:27 am

    And you really are. My days would be less interesting without your posts.

  10. Guyn22wun1

    July 9, 2012 at 1:21 pm

    @DawnaDavies https://t.co/xyjDyodw

  11. Nanette

    July 9, 2015 at 11:19 pm

    $39.99 vs $40.

    More like the businesses think that We, People are stupid and can't do math.

    • Lani Rosales

      July 10, 2015 at 12:04 pm

      Nanette, you're totally right, and since publication of this story, more research has been done that shows that our brains have been rewired to mistrust non-rounded numbers. The major exception is real estate, because of how syndication works (someone thinks they don't want anything $150k or over, so they limit search to under that, making Realtors price homes at $149,999 to be included in said search).

  12. Pingback: The Pricing Power of 9: Does it Work? - PayMotion™

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Business Marketing

7 ways Instagram Stories get people pumped about your brand

(MARKETING) Instagram stories are widely used, so why shouldn’t marketers get in on the Insta-story action?

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Instagram

Instagram Stories long ago surpassed Snapchat at it’s photo-sharing joy, and has found to be a great place to build brand awareness and build your customer base.

Here are a few ways that you can use stories to get people excited about your brand, products, and service.

1. Share the story of your business

Showcase the creation of a product or service, or share something (legal and fun) that your team is working on. These behind the scenes productions humanize your brand and can really get people excited about it. Check out what Union Fare does!

2. Preview live broadcasts

Are you doing a Facebook Live or WebEx demonstration? Use Instagram Stories to tease and generate some excitement or pull attendees from one social media platform to the other.

3. Showcase your stuff in action

Whether it’s demonstrating an application, showing off a recipe, or showcasing an outfit, you can use stories to show what the end result of a product is and help them generate ideas on how to use that stuff! Because Instagram Live can be done spontaneously, you can show authentic, non-scripted demonstrations easily.

4. Brag time

When you support a brand, you get excited that you are a part of their wins. Share relevant milestones (subscriber counts, new products, new revenue, new contracts, new products, etc.) with your base. This helps build connection with your base.

5. Countdowns and giveaways

You can use stories to facilitate ways to get people excited about upcoming giveaways or new launches. Unlike static marketing, the use of countdowns can really get people emotionally excited and build anticipation for new products or services. You could also use stories to give special sales or unique giveaways that give a more “exclusive” feeling.

6. “Takeovers” from influencers or partnerships

If you are working with a promoter or influencer, you can have them generate content to send them over to you to use their voice to target your audience. The influencer can send you pictures and videos that you upload yourself, rather than handing over your account username or password (like with Snapchat). This is a great way to work with someone who already has a following that can help you expand your service or product reach.

7. Create unique content

Odds are, especially for smaller businesses and new entrepreneurs, you don’t have a lot of time to invest in production value for other advertising. Instagram Stories with the use of stickers, paintbrush, and text can be a great place for raw, but still polished content that has a one of a kind feel. Familiarize yourself with the tools, and don’t be afraid to get artsy.

Make Instagram work for you

Instagram is constantly adding new features, so make sure you stay tuned for updates and play around with those features often. For example – Instagram stories can rewind or being hashtagged. Or use the eraser brush to do slow teases or product reveals.

Given that users can now bookmark content as well, you can create demonstrations or examples and give your audience a quick reference to your content. Get learning, check out stories, and start building those unique, intimate, and creative engagements with your consumers.

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Business Marketing

Half of all Instagram users buy immediately after seeing an ad

(MARKETING) If you’re advertising on Instagram and yielding no results, read on – it’s a gold mine for *some* types of brands.

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instagram

If you’ve been on Instagram you’ve likely fallen victim to the algorithm’s knack for showing you advertisements for something that seems exactly suited to your tastes. Or, someone you follow on the app tags their post with the name of the brands that make up their cute outfit and you decide to see what else they might offer. I’ve ended up with more than one pair of sneakers this way.

Instagram’s popularity and effectiveness have made it a marketing powerhouse. Over 130 million people look at product tags on the app each month.

Recently, Facebook commissioned a study asking users to explain what their interaction with companies and brands on Instagram was like. A whopping 66% of people said that the used Instagram to interact directly with brands — and 54% of users said they purchased something immediately after seeing an ad in their Instagram feed. Ads that are in the “stories” feature, independent of users’ feeds are especially effective.

After it was acquired by Facebook, Instagram has grown to account for over 19% of the tech-giant’s advertising spending — nearly double what it was in 2018.

Facebook is planning on continuing to capitalize on Instagram. They announced that soon users won’t need to navigate out of their feed to the retailer’s website purchase items, but rather have the ability to buy things in-app.

Instagram will take a cut of these in-app purchases and partner with PayPal to process payments, adding a new revenue stream to the growing platform.

As part of expanding its foray into shopping, Instagram is also partnering with its most popular influencers.

These people will be able to directly sell the products that their sponsors are offering through their accounts, rather than direct them to their sponsor’s account. At the beginning, only major accounts belonging to celebs like Kylie Jenner or Gigi Hadid will have this option, but it seems like after its initial launch more sellers will be to take advantage of the feature.

So, be prepared to have even more sneakers in your future, friends. It looks like those Instagram ads are going to get even more powerful.

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Business Marketing

10 podcasts that every business owner should hear

(MARKETING) If you’re a business and want to learn something, give one of (or all of) these ten podcasts a listen.

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headphones listen podcasts

So many choices, so little time

As podcasts grow more and more popular, it has become increasingly difficult to sort through the sea of excellent options out there.

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From interviews with business leaders to industry specific advice from experts, podcasts are an incredible free and convenient way to get a small dose of inspiration and knowledge.

Business podcasts for your listening enojoyment

This short list offers just a taste of the myriad of business podcasts available. Whether you’re an aspiring entrepreneur looking for some tips on breaking into a new industry or a seasoned vet hoping to get some new inspiration, we hope you’ll find something here worth listening to.

How I Built This, hosted by Guy Raz.

Podcast fans will recognize Guy Raz’s name (and voice) from TED Radio Hour. While that show can be a great source of inspiration for businesses, one of the most consistently inspiring shows is his new project that shares stories and insight from some of the biggest business leaders in the world. In just four months, Guy has talked to everyone from Richard Branson and Mark Cuban to L.A. Reid and Suroosh Alvi. While there are plenty of excellent interview-driven shows with entrepreneurs, if you want to hear about the world’s best known companies, this is your best bet.

The Art of Charm, hosted by Jordan and AJ Harbinger.

The Art of Charm is a business podcast by definition, but the advice it provides will definitely help you in other parts of your day-to-day life as well. With over three million listens a month, the incredibly populat show provides advice, strategies and insight into how to network effectively and advance your career and personal life.

StartUp, hosted by Alex Blumberg and Lisa Chow.

If you’re an entrepreneur, there is no excuse not to be listening to StartUp, the award-winning business podcast from Gimlet Media. The show’s talented hosts come from incredible radio shows like Planet Money and This American Life and bring a top-notch level of storytelling to the show, which provides behind the scenes looks at what it is actually like to start a company. Now on the fourth season, StartUp is one of those business podcasts that even people not interested in business will get a kick out of.

The Whole Whale Podcast, hosted by George Weiner.

One of the best things about podcasts is the wide variety of niche shows available that go in-depth into fascinating topics. One of those shows is the Whole Whale Podcast, which shares stories about data and technology in the non-profit sector. You’ll get detailed analysis, expert knowledge and can hear from a long list of social impact leaders from Greenpeace, Change.org, Kiva, Teach For America and more.

Social Pros Podcast, hosted by Jay Baer and Adam Brown.

Navigating the surplus of social media guides online can be a nightmare, so look no further thna Social Pros. Recent episodes talk about reaching college students on social media, the rise of messaging apps, and making better video content for Facebook. Plus, there are great case-studies with companies doing social right, like Kellogg’s, Coca Cola and Lenscrafters.

Entrepreneur on Fire, hosted by John Lee Dumas.

One of the original entrepreneurship shows, Entrepreneur on Fire has logged over 1,500 episodes with successful business leaders sharing tips, lessons and advice learned from their worst entrepreneurial moments. Sometimes humorous, sometimes heartbreaking, always inspiring, this show is sure to have at least one interview with someone you can learn from.

The $100 MBA, hosted by Omar Zenhom.

Think of The $100 MBA as a full-fledged business program in snack-sized portions. The daily ten minute business lessons are based on real world applications and cover everything from marketing to techology and more. Cue this show up on your commute to or from work and watch your knowledge grow.

This Week in Startups, hosted by Jason Calacanis.

This is your audio version of TechCrunch, Gizmodo or dare we say The American Genius. Each week, a guest entrepreneur joins the show to talk about what is happening in tech right now. You’ll get news about companies with buzz, updates on big tech news and even some insider gossip.

The Side Hustle Show, hosted by Nick Loper.

This is the show if you want answers for the big question so many entrepreneurs face. How do I turn my part-time hustle into a real job? Featuring topics such as passive income ideas, niche sites, and self-publishing, host Nick Loper is upfront and honest about the tough world of side hustles. The show features actionable tips and an engaging energy, and may just be that final push you need to grow your gig.

Back To Work, hosted by Merlin Mann and Dan Benjamin.
Focused on the basics that you don’t think about, Back To Work looks deep into our working lives by analyzing things like workflow, email habits and personal motivation. Somewhere between self-help and business advice, Back To Work takes on a new topic relating to productivity each week.

#LearnSomething

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