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History, Thanksgiving and Our Constitution



Sarah Hale LetterGratitude is not only the greatest of virtues, but also the parent of all the others. Cicero

Modern History

Thanksgiving Day is this Thursday, we will all gather together with our families and friends to celebrate this American Holiday.

Over 45 million turkeys will be consumed, kids will get up early to watch the Macy’s Day Thanksgiving Parade, The Detroit Lions will play football and many will get ready to go shopping on Black Friday.


The first football game was broadcast in 1934. It started in Detroit with the Detroit Lions and continues till this day. Even though we are far from the better teams and haven’t been for years, it is the tradition.

The Macys Thanksgiving Day Parade began in 1924, a kick off to the Christmas season. Now most of the stores offer shopping deals for early birds commonly known as Black Friday.

Our History

However, our history of this great American Holiday gets its roots, in the history of the founding or our Nation.  It is a time to remember and be grateful.

In 1621 the first Thanksgiving occurred after the long, cold winter of 1620 when over half of the Colonist died. Making friends with the Native American Indian tribe, the Wampanoag who taught them how to plant and fish. The harvest was so large they came together and shared their bounty.

After that in the fall of each year each colony came together and set aside their own days to celebrate Thanksgiving. It was much longer than a day usually 3 days. It was also set aside as a religious holiday to set aside time to be grateful to God with fasting and prayers.

In 1777 the Continental Congress set aside a day to thank God for the blessing of the Liberty.

In 1863 Sarah Josepha Hale, (Mary Had a Little Lamb) began a one-woman letter writing campaign to set aside a day of Thanksgiving for our Nation. At the time, Sarah’s thoughts were:

“There is a deep moral influence in these periodical seasons of rejoicing, in which whole communities participate. They bring out . . . the best sympathies in our natures.”

“If every state would join in Union Thanksgiving on the 24th of this month, would it not be a renewed pledge of love and loyalty to the Constitution of the United States?”

Abraham Lincoln finally proclaimed a Day of Thanksgiving for the fourth Tuesday of November. However, back then we didn’t have computers and each of the thousands of letters spanned over 4 decades and 5 Presidents were hand written.

Thanksgiving Day was changed in November 1941 to the last Thursday in November by Franklin Roosevelt (to extend the Christmas shopping season and boost the economy)


Today we face some of the biggest challenges our nation has ever endured, there are people losing their homes, unemployment is high, (15% in Michigan) a National debt that we are leaving to our children and grandchildren, and yet we keep spending.

Since when do we spend our way out of debt?  I know my family doesn’t, we cut back.  That is common sense. Yet our legislature continues to spend…but it is not our money, we don’t have any. So we borrow and become more in debt to China.

Louisiana State Senator, Mary Landrieu,  was the 60th vote needed to continue the debate on the 2.5 Trillion dollar government health care bill. Tucked in the bill was a clause giving millions of dollars to the only state that would qualify…Louisiana.

I hate politics.

I hate buying of votes.

I hate earmarks for things that benefit one state and yet we all pay for.

I hate changing of words to mean one thing when they really mean another.

Heck I hate all of this worse than loosing to Ohio State yesterday.

Like Sarah Hale, I would like to call for all the Senators and Congressman and everyday citizens to renew their pledge of love and loyalty to the Constitution of the United States?”

Read the constitution it is only 6 pages long including the Bill of Rights.

Lets return to the documents that gave us Liberty.  They clearly outlined our God given rights and the limited responsibilities of our federal government.

Somehow during the pumpkin pie, shopping and football we can set aside a time to remember them and be thankful.

Written by Missy Caulk, Associate Broker at Keller Williams Ann Arbor. Missy is the author of Ann Arbor Real Estate Talk and Blog Ann Arbor, and is also the Director for the Ann Arbor Area Board of Realtors and Member of MLS and Grievance Committee's.

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  1. Lani Rosales

    November 22, 2009 at 1:03 pm

    @missycaulk I knew the technical history but not how it came to be a national holiday, I don’t think they teach that in public schools which is a shame, it is such a beautiful sentiment! Once upon a time, the Constitution was a beautiful gift we could point to as a shining example of our unique DNA as a nation and could tell children that they can fulfill whatever dream they have and the Constitution will protect their rights. Now, it’s just a campaign buzzword or an obstacle to litigation.

    I think we’ll tell our children Hale’s quote, thank you for sharing!!

  2. Ken Montville

    November 22, 2009 at 1:06 pm

    This is a great history of the holiday.

    Yes, the country has come a long way since simpler times. Money, and the pursuit of it in amounts so vast it could not possibly be useful, has permeated our political and corporate systems. I’ not against making a buck. Or even two or three. It’s the hoarding that gets to me.

  3. Missy Caulk

    November 22, 2009 at 1:32 pm

    Lani, She is really a fabulous role model for us today, her husband died when she was only 34 and she had 5 children, so she started writing. Trained at home by her brother who graduated from Dartmouth as woman didn’t go to college then. She was an advocate for woman, day care, play and recreation for children and woman authors.

    Heck I give up after 2 calls to my legislatures and she wrote letters for 4 decades advocating for Thanksgiving.

    Ken, don’t hoard give it away. LOL

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The House Judiciary antitrust investigation holds big techs’ feet to the fire

(POLITICS) CEOs of Alphabet, Facebook, Apple, and Amazon set to testify in House Judiciary Committee antitrust investigation hearing today.



house investigation

The House Judiciary Committee is closing in on the end of a year-long investigation into tech giants Google, Facebook, Apple, and Amazon, to evaluate possible antitrust abuses. CEOs from all four companies were set to testify on Monday, July 27, 2020. The hearing has been pushed back to Wednesday, July 29, to allow members of Congress to pay respects to civil rights leader Representative John Lewis (D-GA) who died of pancreatic cancer on July 17.

Jeff Bezos of Amazon, Tim Cook of Apple, Mark Zuckerberg of Facebook, and Sundar Pichai of Alphabet (Google’s parent company) have all agreed to testify. This will be Bezos’ first time in front of Congress, whereas all the others have testified before on different matters. Twitter CEO Jack Dorsey was invited to testify by Representative Jim Jordan (R-OH), but is expected to not attend.

The Antitrust Subcommittee began the investigation in June 2019. Each business has been the subject of scrutiny for their roles in dominating their respective industries and playing an outsized role in market competition for smaller businesses. The Committee is interested in evaluating current antitrust laws and whether they apply to, or should be updated for, these mega corporations. They have already heard testimonies from smaller companies like Sonos and Tile about these companies’ alleged monopolistic practices.

The focus of the investigation for Apple is on the App Store, and whether it has implemented policies that are harmful for app developers. Google has a tight hold on the online advertising market. Amazon – which during a five-week period early in the pandemic saw an increase in value equivalent to the total value of Walmart, the world’s largest firm – has been criticized for its treatment of brands that sell on its e-commerce platform. Facebook is being investigated for its acquisition practices, cornering the social media market with purchases like Instagram.

Amazon is expected to face additional scrutiny for its treatment of warehouse workers during the pandemic. Facebook and YouTube (a subsidiary of Google) have been the subject of regular criticism about monitoring hate speech on their platforms, and their treatment of the workers responsible for doing so (Facebook in particular).

The hearing is set to occur virtually in order to adhere to social distancing guidelines. Watch the hearing live at 12:00 p.m. EST Wednesday, July 29 on the House Judiciary Committee’s YouTube channel. Please do note the hilarious irony of streaming a Congressional antitrust hearing on YouTube, which is owned by Google, which is owned by Alphabet, which is testifying at said hearing. God Bless America.

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Additional unemployment benefits outside of the CARES Act

(POLITICS) Unemployment is at an all time high in the United States and individuals need to be aware of reapplying for additional benefits.



unemployment broke

June saw some additional jobs in the US and unemployment fell as of early July, but CNBC advised pausing on any celebration just yet, saying that “The employment crisis is still worse than any time since the Great Depression, the country’s worst economic downturn in its industrial history.”

The unemployment statistics in our country right now are really scary – especially for individuals and families that see a looming deadline of July 31 for the supplemental $600/week provided by the Federal Government through the CARES Act put in place in March. There are discussions on extending these benefits as many families have not been able to replace their incomes or find new employment opportunities, but it doesn’t seem like anything has been finalized there yet. Congress is in the middle of a variety of options:

  • Discontinue the additional $600/week but allow those on unemployment to continue to file and receive their state benefits (usually up to 26 weeks or possibly extended up to 39 weeks by The CARES act)
  • Send out additional stimulus checks (Congress is currently exploring a $X Trillion stimulus package)
  • Extend the additional funding (on top of the weekly amount allotted by state) but cut it from $600 to $200
  • It’s also been put on the table in the House of Representatives “The Heroes Act” to extend the additional $600/week until January 2021 ($3 trillion).

There are some additional benefits that are available (different than the funds by the CARES Act), but you may have to reapply for them. So, make sure to check your state’s unemployment pages and your filing status. Some states do not require you to reapply and you can continue on with extended benefits.

According to CNBC, “The additional aid expires after the end of the year. (This is a different program than the one paying an extra $600 a week through July 31.) For some reason, the [Department of Labor] has taken the position that people have to file for the additional PEUC benefits,” said Michele Evermore, a senior policy analyst at the National Employment Law Project.”

No doubt that this can cause additional stress and uncertainty especially when you have questions about your filing and are unable to get through to someone on the phone. With the way that the unemployment cycle is setup, technically July 25 is considered the last date for that cycle (and July 26 for New York), so be sure to check and see what the next steps are for you if you are currently filing.

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How will pausing the reopening of states impact the recovery of the economy?

(POLITICS) The resurgence of COVID-19 has left Americans with a lot of questions about our nation’s economic future. That ambiguity is seemingly a feature, not a bug.



COVID-19 reopening economy

The rest of the world watched as the United States dramatically reopened “the economy” last month. Now, it seems we’ve changed our minds about that.

The White House has repeatedly said that it will be up to individual states to form their own pandemic response plans moving forward. But letting local governments devise their own solutions has produced large gaps in their preparedness, as well as profound confusion around the best practices for balancing the country’s public and economic health.

California, which represents the largest economy in the US and the fifth largest in the world, was one of the first states to put serious quarantine restrictions in place. The decision to relax those orders only came after anti-lockdown protestors demanded that Governor Gavin Newsom reopen the state’s beaches, businesses and churches. Newsom may now regret this capitulation as California just called for a second round of statewide lockdowns.

Other state legislators are slowly following their lead, as the threat is becoming very dire in some places. Florida, for instance, is now a global hotspot for COVID-19 and Miami is being called “the new Wuhan”. The state is also currently struggling against another wave of unemployment, partly because their economy is heavily dependent on summer tourism (which has persisted despite the spike in cases, but not nearly at pre-pandemic levels).

Florida, California and Texas are altogether responsible for 20 percent of all new COVID-19 cases globally.

Every state is fighting two battles here. Coronavirus relief efforts in the US are still seriously underfunded, and most health organizations here lack the resources to effectively test and treat their communities. But the problems that have emerged for workers and small business owners, like evictions and layoffs, have also been devastating in their own right.

In essence, the United States reopened in an effort to curb the nation’s financial freefall and ballooning unemployment. Economists predicted at the beginning of July that reopening would allow the US to avoid a recession, and all would go smoothly. These projections likely did not account for a spike in cases that would halt this economic rebound.

That’s not to say the circumstances here haven’t improved at all over the past months; currently there is no acute shortage of ventilators, and doctors have had some time to refine their strategies for treating the virus. Overall, the national unemployment rate is slightly declining, while working from home is going so well for companies like Twitter and Facebook that they will be permanently switching much of their staff to remote work.

By comparison, though, New Zealand took the pandemic much more seriously than the US did, and they are objectively in a better position now in all respects. Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern cracked down hard and early, closing the country’s borders completely, and instituting rent freezes nationwide. As a result they have virtually eradicated COVID-19 within their borders. A report from S&P Global also expects New Zealand’s economy to recover quickly compared to the rest of the world.

While this tradeoff seems like a zero sum game – as if we have to pick either our health, or our wealth – it is not. In fact, we could very well end up with neither if our lawmakers don’t proceed with caution.

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