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Influencer marketing: The real cost and why some call it a huge scam

(MARKETING) Influencer advertising and marketing is currently the “in” thing to do. However, even influencer marketing gurus aren’t convinced about what they do.

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Fresh ideas

With the rise of user-created Internet content and social media came influence marketing.

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Influence marketing is still a fairly new phenomenon; brands, talent agencies, and the influencers themselves are still trying to figure out what it’s all about and how much it’s worth.

The influencer market

Obviously, having an Internet celebrity like Kim Kardashian pump your product is going to be good for business. But such popular influencers require a massive marketing budget.

Are there affordable ways for small businesses to tap into influence marketing?

Figuring out how much to pay an influencer is a confusing process for any brand, and rates fluctuate like the stock market. Says Henry Langer of influencer search platform Hypr, “Pricing influencer posts is part art, part science.” There are many factors influencing the pricing of posts and their success – factors that are interconnected and difficult to track.

No precedence

Because influence marketing is so new, brands may have unrealistic expectations, especially if they think the process will resemble their collaborations with traditional marketers – it won’t.

The influencers themselves are often very young superstars who have a lot of personality, but little experience with clients.

They may have a ton of followers, but may also flake on their end of the deal or throw off your marketing campaign by following their own whims instead of your instructions. And while talent agencies can help connect your brand to relevant influencers, they also upcharge significantly.

Is it worth sorting through all this confusion

Could be. A 2016 study by TapInfluence and Nielsen Catalina Solutions found that influence marketing has an 11 percent higher ROI than more traditional forms of brand marketing.

But how do you know you’re putting your dollars where it counts?

As part of Digiday’s Confessions series, wherein they “exchange anonymity for honesty,” an influence marketing executive was asked to give the real dish on influencers. They explained that, when influence marketing first started out, prices were highly inflated by a small number of heavyweight Internet celebs who could charge huge sums for their endorsements.

Shortly thereafter, “countless influencer marketing platforms… popped up,” to connect brands with a growing talent pool of lesser influencers, or “micro-influencers,” who would post for more affordable prices.

Not into it

But one of the exec’s most startling reveals was their poor opinion of micro-influence marketing, which they called “the biggest scam.” According to this insider, “super small influencers… will do anything for a $100 gift card,” but that doesn’t mean that their posts are worthwhile. Apparently micro-influencers have high rates of engagement, but their small followings mean that you’re paying for relatively little exposure.

To really get the most of out of influence marketing, you’d have to shell out thousands of dollars to influencers with hundreds of thousands of followers.

Probably not a realistic strategy for most small businesses.

If you decide to go the micro-influencer route, make sure you do your research. You may have better luck skipping the talent agencies and doing your own online research to find relevant influencers. Focus on finding local, niche influencers with whom you share a target audience.

Your two cents

What do you think? Has your small business had success with influence marketing? Or is it better left to large companies who can afford to pay big-time names?

#InfluencerMarketing

Ellen Vessels, a Staff Writer at The American Genius, is respected for their wide range of work, with a focus on generational marketing and business trends. Ellen is also a performance artist when not writing, and has a passion for sustainability, social justice, and the arts.

Business Marketing

How Nestle’s emotional branding converted a nation into coffee drinkers

(BUSINESS MARKETING) Nestle hired a psychoanalyst to convert a nation to coffee with long term, science backed strategies connected to why we like what we like.

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When Nestle first attempted to market coffee in Japan in the 1970s, it did not go well. Though their products tested well with audiences and was priced affordably, sales never took off. Nestle was committed to break into the profitable Japanese market and embarked on research that would inform an innovative new strategy going forward.

Nestle hired French social psychologist, Dr. Clotaire Rapaille, who specialized in the emotional bonds people form with objects. Dr. Rapaille conducted various experiments with participant groups to better understand why people were not buying coffee in the Japanese market. In one such experiment, Dr. Rapaille played calming music while participants lay on the ground. He asked them to talk through early childhood memories. He then asked participants to share experiences and emotions they associated with various products from their childhoods.

Participants did so, except when it came to coffee. Most had no memories of coffee and therefore no emotional bond to it. Japan had long been a tea drinking society, very few sections of society included coffee drinkers. Sales reflected the lack of cultural familiarity with coffee; it was not part of Japanese life. This understanding from Dr. Rapaille’s research sparked a bold marketing move with a long-term strategy in mind.

Nestle created coffee-flavored chocolate and marketed them to children. Introducing the flavor of coffee to Japanese youth while at an early age would not only imprint the flavor profile on them, but they would associate the flavor with positive emotions. Nestle tested, manufactured, and sold their coffee-flavored chocolate in Japan. They were immediately popular with youth and eventually with their curious parents who wanted to give the flavor a try.

A reentry into the coffee market by Nestle years later was met with a different response than the first attempt. The kids that grew up with coffee-flavored candies were now a part of the workforce and ready to become coffee drinkers. Today, Nestle imports nearly 500 million tons of coffee per year.

What began with a failed attempt at entering the coffee market resulted in a long-term strategy that proved that strong emotional bonds with customers can build strong sales.

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Business Marketing

How many hours of the work week are actually efficient?

(BUSINESS MARKETING) Working more for that paycheck, more hours each week, on the weekends, on holidays can actually hurt productivity. So don’t do that, stay efficient.

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Social media is always flooded with promises to get in shape, eat healthier and…hustle?

In hustle culture, it seems as though there’s no such thing as too much work. Nights, weekends and holidays are really just more time to be pushing towards your dreams and hobbies are just side hustles waiting to be monetized. Plus, with freelancing on the rise, there really is nothing stopping someone from making the most out of their 24 hours.

Hustle culture will have you believe that a full-time job isn’t enough. Is that true?

Although it’s a bit outdated, Gallup’s 2014 report on full-time US workers gives us an alarming glimpse into the effects of the hustle. For starters, 50% of full-time workers reported working over 40 hours a week – in fact, the average weekly hours for salaried employees was up to 49 hours.

So, what’s the deal with 40 hours anyway? The 40 hour work-week actually started with labor rights activists in the 1800s pushing for an 8 hour workday. In 1817, Robert Owen, a Welsh activist, reasoned this workday provided: “eight hours labor, eight hours recreation, eight hours rest.”

If you do the math, that’s a whopping 66% of the day devoted to personal needs, rather than labor!

Of course, it’s only natural to be skeptical of logic from two centuries ago coloring the way we do business in the 21st century. For starters, there’s plenty of labor to be done outside of the labor you’re paid to do. Meal prep, house cleaning, child care…that’s all work that needs to be done. It’s also all work that some of your favorite influencers are paying to get done while they pursue the “hustle.” For the average human, that would all be additional work to fall in the ‘recreation’ category.

But I digress. Is 40 hours a week really enough in the modern age? After all, average hours in the United States have increased.

Well…probably not. In fact, when hours are reduced (France, for instance, limited maximum hours to 35 hours a week, instead of 40), workers are not only more likely to be healthier and happier, but more efficient and less likely to miss work!

So, instead of following through with the goal to work more this year, maybe consider slowing the hustle. It might actually be more effective in the long run!

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Business Marketing

Snapchat’s study reveals our growing reliance on video

(BUSINESS MARKETING) Snapchat released a report that shows some useful insights for future video content creation.

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Snapchat is taking a break from restoring people’s streaks to publish a report on mobile video access; according to Social Media Today, the report holds potentially vital information about how customers use their mobile devices to view content.

And–surprise, surprise–it turns out we’re using our phones to consume a lot more media than we did six years ago.

The obvious takeaways from this study are listed all over the place, and not even necessarily courtesy of Snapchat. People are using their phones substantially more often than they have in the past five years, and with everyone staying home, it’s reasonable to expect more engagement and more overall screen time.

However, there are a couple of insights that stand out from Snapchat’s study.

Firstly, the “Stories” feature that you see just about everywhere now is considered one of the most popular–and, thus, most lucrative–forms of video content. 82 percent of Snapchat users in the study said that they watched at least one Snapchat Story every day, with the majority of stories being under ten minutes.

This is a stark contrast to the 52 percent of those polled who said they watched a TV show each day and the 49 percent who said they consumed some “premium” style of short-form video (e.g., YouTube). You’ll notice that this flies in the face of some schools of thought regarding content creation on larger platforms like YouTube or Instagram.

Equally as important is Snapchat’s “personal” factor, which is the intimate, one-on-one-ish atmosphere cultivated by Snapchat features. Per Snapchat’s report, this is the prime component in helping an engaging video achieve the other two pillars of success: making it relatable and worthy of sharing.

Those three pillars–being personal, relatable, and share-worthy–are the components of any successful “short-form” video, Snapchat says.

Snapchat also reported that of the users polled, the majority claimed Snapchat made them feel more connected to their fellow users than comparable social media sites (e.g., Instagram or Facebook). Perhaps unsurprisingly, the next-closest social media platform vis-a-vis interpersonal connection was TikTok–something for which you can probably see the nexus to Snapchat.

We know phone use is increasing, and we know that distanced forms of social expression were popular even before a pandemic floored the world; however, this report demonstrates a paradigm shift in content creation that you’d have to be nuts not to check out for yourself.

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