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Facebook + AI = Facebook Bureau of Investigation

(SOCIAL MEDIA) Social networks are to have a larger role in terrorism (recruiting, organizing, propaganda, etc.). Now the argument is whose responsibility is it to monitor that activity.

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Facebook going off script

Facebook recently announced its opposition to use of its platform by terrorist organizations, and specified several strategies intended to restrict terrorist use of social media, in what is widely being reported as various versions of “Facebook commits to using artificial intelligence to fight terrorism.”

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Let’s talk for a minute about what that actually means.

Intelligence as numbers

“Artificial intelligence to fight terrorism” doesn’t mean we get Skynet saving us from suicide bombers. That would be rad, up to the point Skynet tags us all as suicide bombers and sends the drones after us. Skynet is not, as yet, very bright.

Mine keeps showing me ads for Dodge Rams, and I’m a writer in a studio apartment. I have no use for a truck. I barely need legs.

At the moment all “artificial intelligence” consistently means is “self-improving algorithm,” or as a marketing term, “set of self-improving algorithms with a voice interface and a price tag.”

Facebook “using artificial intelligence to fight terrorism” means “Facebook deploying image and text recognition algorithms that will correlate content with known terrorist media and distribute discipline accordingly.”

That’s a necessarily complicated problem

First, it requires Facebook to identify terrorists and Facebook is not, I am reliably informed, the FBI. Facebook’s algorithms are their attempt, or the beginning of their attempt, at corporate accountability for the use of their platform by terrorist groups.

That’s laudable.

Corporate accountability does not, however, equal competence. Where the line exists between the systematic use of social media, particularly Facebook, as propaganda engines for Islamic State and other terrorist organizations – and let’s be clear, that’s absolutely happening – and the impact on profit margins of employing political scientists, law enforcement experts and tech geniuses Facebook would need to seriously engage with 21st century terrorism, which isn’t exactly their core business, is rather an open question.

Islamic state Facebook

In many ways, however, the big question is also a really small one: algorithms? As the article linked above demonstrates, Islamic State in particular is very good at Facebook.

Thus far, Islamic State has been better at Facebook than Facebook and the governments of the civilized world, working together, have been at stopping Islamic State from using Facebook.

The AI solutions Facebook is deploying may solve that, or not.

If they don’t, that’s status quo. On to the next solution.

What if they do?

What if some brilliant programmers get the process on lock and AI becomes a working solution for keeping Islamic State and similar scum off your product?

That would be an extraordinarily easy fix, in many ways a Godsend.

It would also raise massive legal, social and moral questions, because in effect it would grant authority to moderate human speech to a nonhuman agency. Facebook is, scary but true, one of the most active, vital settings in the history of human communication. That forum alone leaving content moderation to our robot overlords is a concern.

What’s next

But if AI counterterrorism works on Facebook, the FBI – and Interpol, and GCTF, and the rest of the alphabet soup with assault rifles who address terrorism on a day to day basis – can be confidently expected to follow.

That represents a new level of oversight on everyday communication, one that, on the most basic level, lacks not only third-party oversight, but human oversight of any kind.

Facebook taking responsibility for what’s done on its platform is praiseworthy, but it’s also a fascinating, potentially frightening look at what may be our digital future.

#FacebookBureauofInvestigation

Matt Salter is a writer and former fundraising and communications officer for nonprofit organizations, including Volunteers of America and PICO National Network. He’s excited to put his knowledge of fundraising, marketing, and all things digital to work for your reading enjoyment. When not writing about himself in the third person, Matt enjoys horror movies and tabletop gaming, and can usually be found somewhere in the DFW Metroplex with WiFi and a good all-day breakfast.

Social Media

Twitter to start charging users? Here’s what you need to know

(SOCIAL MEDIA) Social media is trending toward the subscription based model, especially as the pandemic pushes ad revenue down. What does this mean for Twitter users?

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Twitter and other social media apps open on a phone being held in a hand. Will they go to a paid option subscription model?

In an attempt to become less dependent on advertising, Twitter Inc. announced that it will be considering developing a subscription product, as well as other paid options. Here’s the scoop:

  • The ideas for paid Twitter that are being tossed around include tipping creators, the ability to pay users you follow for exclusive content, charging for use of the TweetDeck, features like “undo send”, and profile customization options and more.
  • While Twitter has thought about moving towards paid for years, the pandemic has pushed them to do it – plus activist investors want to see accelerated growth.
  • The majority of Twitter’s revenue comes from targeted ads, though Twitter’s ad market is significantly smaller than Facebook and other competitors.
  • The platform’s user base in the U.S. is its most valuable market, and that market is plateauing – essentially, Twitter can’t depend on new American users joining to make money anymore.
  • The company tried user “tips” in the past with its live video service Periscope (RIP), which has now become a popular business model for other companies – and which we will most likely see again with paid Twitter.
  • And yes, they will ALWAYS take a cut of any money being poured into the app, no matter who it’s intended for.

This announcement comes at a time where other social media platforms, such as TikTok and Clubhouse, are also moving towards paid options.

My hot take: Is it important – especially during a pandemic – to make sure that creators are receiving fair compensation for the content that we as users consume? Yes, 100%. Pay people for their work. And in the realm of social media, pictures, memes, and opinions are in fact work. Don’t get it twisted.

Does this shift also symbolize a deviation from the unpaid, egalitarian social media that we’ve all learned to use, consume, and love over the last decade? It sure does.

My irritation stems not from the fact that creators will probably see more return on their work in the future. Or on the principal of free social media for all. It stems from sheer greediness of the social media giants. Facebook, Twitter, and their counterparts are already filthy rich. Like, dumb rich. And guess what: Even though Twitter has been free so far, it’s creators and users alike that have been generating wealth for the company.

So why do they want even more now?

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Social Media

TikTok enters the e-commerce space, ready to compete with Zuckerberg?

(SOCIAL MEDIA) Setting up social media for e-commerce isn’t an uncommon practice, but for TikTok this means the next step competing with Facebook and Instagram.

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Couple taking video with mobile phone, prepared for e-commerce.

Adding e-commerce offerings to social media platforms isn’t anything new. However, TikTok, which is owned by the Chinese firm ByteDance, is rolling out some new e-commerce features that will place the social video app in direct competition with Mark Zuckerberg’s Facebook and Instagram.

According to a Financial Times report, TikTok’s new features will allow the platform to create and expand its e-commerce service in the U.S. The new features will allow TikTok’s popular users to monetize their content. These users will be able to promote and sell products by sharing product links in their content. In return, TikTok will profit from the sales by earning a commission.

Among the features included is “live-streamed” shopping. In this mobile phone shopping channel, users can purchase products by tapping on products during a user’s live demo. Also, TikTok plans on releasing a feature that will allow brands to display their product catalogs.

Currently, Facebook has expanded into the e-commerce space through its Facebook Marketplace. In May 2020, it launched Facebook Shops that allows businesses to turn their Facebook and Instagram stories into online stores.

But, Facebook hasn’t had too much luck in keeping up with the video platform in other areas. In 2018, the social media giant launched Lasso, its short-form video app. But the company’s TikTok clone didn’t last too long. Last year, Facebook said bye-bye to Lasso and shut it down.

Instagram is trying to compete with TikTok by launching Instagram Reels. This feature allows users to share short videos just like TikTok, but the future of Reels isn’t set in stone yet. By the looks of it, videos on Reels are mainly reposts of video content posted on TikTok.

There is no word on when the features will roll out to influencers on TikTok, but according to the Financial Times report, the social media app’s new features have already been viewed by some people.

TikTok has a large audience that continues to grow. By providing monetization tools in its platform, TikTok believes its new tools will put it ahead of Facebook in the e-commerce game, and help maintain that audience.

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Social Media

Your favorite Clubhouse creators can now ask for your financial support

(SOCIAL MEDIA) Clubhouse just secured new funding – what it means for creators and users of the latest quarantine-based social media darling.

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Woman talking on Clubhouse on her iPhone with a big smile.

Clubhouse – the live-voice chat app that has been taking the quarantined world by storm – has recently announced that it has raised new funding in a Series B round, led by Andreessen Horowitz, the venture capital firm in Silicon Valley.

The app confirms that new funding means compensation for creators; much like the influencers on TikTok and YouTube, now Clubhouse creators will be able to utilize features such as subscriptions, tipping, and ticket sales to monetize their content.

To encourage emerging Clubhouse creators and invite new voices, funding round will also support a promising “Creator Grant Program”.

On the surface, Clubhouse is undoubtedly cool. The invite-only, celebrity-filled niche chatrooms feel utopic for any opinionated individual – or anyone that just likes to listen. At its best, Clubhouse brings to mind collaborative campfire chats, heated lecture-hall debates or informative PD sessions. I’ll be the first to admit, I’m actually obsessed.

And now with its new round, the video chatroom app will not only appear cool but also act as a helpful steppingstone to popular and emerging creators alike. “Creators are the lifeblood of Clubhouse,” said Paul & Rohan, the app’s creators, “and we want to make sure that all of the amazing people who host conversations for others are getting recognized for their contributions.”

Helping creators get paid for their labor in 2021 is a cause that we should 100% get behind, especially if we’re consuming their content.

Over the next few months, Clubhouse will be prototyping their tipping, tickets and subscriptions – think a system akin to Patreon, but built directly into the app.

A feature unique to the app – tickets – will offer individuals and organizations the chance to hold formal discussions and events while charging an admission. Elite Clubhouse rooms? I wonder if I can get a Clubhouse press pass.

Additionally, Clubhouse has announced plans for Android development (the app has only been available to Apple users so far). They are also working on moderation policies after a recent controversial chat sparked uproar. To date, the app has been relying heavily on community moderation, the power of which I’ve witnessed countless times whilst in rooms.

So: Is the golden age of Clubhouse – only possible for a short period while everyone was stuck at home and before the app gained real mainstream traction – now over? Or will this new round of funding and subsequent development give the app a new beginning?

For now, I think it’s safe to say that the culture of Clubhouse will certainly be changing – what we don’t know is if the changes will make this cream-of-the-crop app even better, or if it’ll join the ranks of Instagram, Twitter, and Facebook in being another big-time social media staple.

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