After much speculation and leaked details, Zillow and Trulia have announced their commitment to one another, as Zillow has entered into a “definitive agreement to acquire Trulia” for $3.5B in stock. Both companies will remain in tact as brands with Trulia CEO Pete Flint reporting to Zillow CEO Spencer Rascoff, and the deal is on target to close next year.
With this acquisition, two real estate search giants will remain (Zillow, realtor.com), and real estate professionals and industry insiders have mixed feelings on the topic (some believe the world is going to end, others are enthusiastic), but as the two names remain in tact, Zillow would simply own Trulia, not necessarily swallow it. Read: your advertising dollars will still go to two separate locations rather than just Zillow since the world will not be absent a Trulia.
What remains to be seen, however, is whether or not the FTC will approve the acquisition, as both are publicly traded companies and require approval from the regulatory body. This merger is akin to all telecom companies merging except for Sprint, leaving a world of only two large, nationally recognizable options – even if all stores still say “AT&T” or “Verizon” on the signs, in this theoretical example, they’re all still owned by AT&T, so there are only two competitors. The FTC doesn’t always like when there are only two competitors controlling a market.
Zillow will argue before the Commission that there are literally thousands of competitors, and they’re right, but when it comes to the main competitors, as an industry, we’ve long called Zillow, Trulia, and realtor.com the “big three,” and changing that landscape changes control over the market. While most believe the FTC will approve, it is not a guarantee, so we will be watching closely.
Rascoff’s letter to brokerages
The following is a copy of an email sent by Zillow, Inc. to real estate brokerages.
It’s my pleasure to let you know we have just announced that Zillow has entered into a definitive agreement to acquire Trulia. You can read the full press release here .
I’m really excited about this opportunity, but I am sure the news will lead to a number of questions. The most important thing I can stress is that this combination of companies sets the stage for us to offer even more real estate tools and services to empower consumers and thus has the ability to drive even more business to local brokerages and their agents.
We expect to maintain both the Zillow and Trulia consumer brands, as both will continue to offer buyers and sellers access to vital information about homes and real estate, providing an important bridge to local agents across the country. We’ll work hard to make sure the great partnerships we have with brokers nationwide continue to prosper.
This acquisition requires shareholder and regulatory approval, which might take several months. We will provide additional details as they become available. For now, it’s business as usual for both companies. Our daily focus and strong commitment to local agents and professionals in the real estate industry remain unchanged and of the utmost importance to our entire team.
Please contact our team at firstname.lastname@example.org with any questions.
Zillow’s press release about the acquisition
Zillow Announces Acquisition of Trulia for $3.5 Billion in Stock
Combination of companies sets stage to offer more real estate tools and services that empower consumers and drive more business for real estate professionals
SEATTLE and SAN FRANCISCO (July 28, 2014) – Zillow, Inc. (NASDAQ:Z) today announced that it has entered into a definitive agreement to acquire Trulia, Inc. (NYSE:TRLA) for $3.5 billion in a stock-for-stock transaction. The Boards of Directors of both companies have approved the transaction, which is expected to close in 2015.
The combined company will maintain both the Zillow and Trulia consumer brands, offering buyers, sellers, homeowners and renters access to vital information about homes and real estate for free, and providing advertising and software solutions that help real estate professionals grow their business. At closing, Trulia CEO Pete Flint will remain as CEO of Trulia reporting to Zillow CEO, Spencer Rascoff, and will join the Board of Directors of the combined company. In addition, at closing, a second member of Trulia’s Board of Directors will join the board of the combined company. Further operational and organizational details will be announced at closing.
“Consumers love using Zillow and Trulia to find vital information about homes and connect with the best local real estate professionals,” Rascoff said. “Both companies have been enormously successful in creating compelling consumer brands and deep industry partnerships, but it’s still early days in the world of real estate advertising on mobile and Web. This is a tremendous opportunity to combine our resources and achieve even more impressive innovation that will benefit consumers and the real estate industry.”
“Trulia and Zillow have a shared mission and vision of empowering consumers while helping real estate agents, brokerages and franchisors benefit from technological innovation,” said Flint. “By working together, we will be able to create even more value for home buyers, sellers, and renters, as well as create a robust marketing platform that will help our industry partners connect with potential clients and grow their businesses even more efficiently. Our two companies share complementary employee cultures with innovative, consumer-first philosophies and a deep commitment to create the best products and services for our industry partners.”
Both Zillow and Trulia are primarily media companies, generating the majority of revenue through advertising sales to real estate professionals. Despite continued growth as public companies, significant opportunities of scale remain as the majority of advertising dollars in the real estate sector have yet to migrate online or to mobile. For example, the two companies’ combined revenue currently represents less than 4 percent of the estimated $12 billion i real estate professionals spend on marketing their services to consumers each year.
Zillow and Trulia are two rapidly growing real estate sites on mobile and the Web, enabling advertisers to reach a large and expanding consumer base. In June, Zillow reported a record 83 million unique users across mobile and Web ii . For the same month, Trulia reported a record 54 million monthly unique users across its sites and mobile apps iii . The two brands have limited consumer overlap – approximately half of Trulia.com’s monthly visitors do not visit Zillow.com, and approximately two-thirds of Zillow.com’s monthly visitors across all devices do not use Trulia.com iv . Maintaining the two distinct consumer brands
will allow the combined company to continue to offer differentiated products and user experiences, attract more users and maximize the distribution of free content across multiple platforms, apps and channels.
A summary of expected benefits of the deal, include:
• Faster Innovation. By combining resources, the companies expect to accelerate innovation on mobile and Web to provide more valuable tools and services to consumers and professionals.
• Greater Access to Free Real Estate Market Data. The companies expect to share real estate market data, housing trend analysis, and forecasts to make more free data available to consumers and real estate professionals to empower people to make more informed decisions.
• Broader Distribution. Home sellers and their agents, brokerages, and participating MLSs will benefit from seamless free distribution of listings across even more platforms to reach an even larger audience of consumers.
• Enhanced Value and ROI for Advertisers. The companies expect to offer shared services and marketing platforms for advertisers that enhance agent productivity and marketing and deliver greater return on their investment.
• Corporate Cost Savings. By operating independent consumer brands through one corporation, the companies expect to realize synergies to improve overall operational efficiency over the long-term. By 2016, management expects to achieve at least $100 million in annualized cost avoidances.
As part of the agreement, Trulia shareholders will receive 0.444 shares of Class A Common Stock of Zillow, Inc. v for each share of Trulia, and will own approximately 33% of the combined company at closing. Current Zillow holders of Class A Common Stock and Class B Common Stock will receive one comparable share of the combined company at closing, and will represent approximately 67% of the combined company. The transaction assumes Trulia’s convertible notes will be assumed by the combined company at closing. The value of the deal represents a premium of 25% to Trulia’s closing price on July 25, 2014.
The agreement is subject to the satisfaction of customary closing conditions, including the expiration of U.S. antitrust waiting periods and shareholder approval of both companies. Zillow co-founders Rich Barton and Lloyd Frink, who control a majority of the shareholder voting power of Zillow, have agreed to vote in favor of the transaction. In addition, Trulia directors holding 7.4% of Trulia stock have entered into voting agreements with Zillow to vote in favor of the transaction.
Letter to Trulia employees from CEO, Pete Flint
The following is an e-mail sent from Trulia, Inc.’s Chief Executive Officer to Trulia’s employees:
Today, we are embarking on a new and exciting chapter. We’ve signed an agreement to be acquired by Zillow. This was a decision the Board of Directors and I did not take lightly, and I am convinced it is the right one for our company, our employees, our customers and our shareholders. Together, we have successfully built Trulia from the ground up by staying focused on our clear vision. Our mission remains the same – to use technology to drive innovation in the real estate industry. By joining forces, Trulia and Zillow can accelerate our efforts to revolutionize the home search process for consumers, help professionals build their businesses and create additional value in adjacent markets.
This combination is expected to create an even stronger organization by bringing together the shared talent, technology and industry relationships of Trulia and Zillow. Together we can unlock more innovation and align our time, energy and resources into building the best consumer and agent experiences. The combined company will be home to two fast-growing and beloved brands in the online real estate industry.
We expect that Trulia and Zillow will continue to operate as separate and distinct brands once the transaction closes. The multi-brand strategy is common in a variety of industries from travel to household goods and more. For example, Priceline owns Kayak and Booking.com, ensuring they have products that meet a variety of tastes and preferences, while delivering more quickly on their shared mission.
Trulia shareholders will receive shares in the combined company equivalent to 0.444 shares of Zillow, for each share of Trulia. This represents a 25% premium to Trulia’s closing price on July 25, 2014. Trulia shareholders will own about 33% of the combined company. Once the transaction closes, Zillow CEO Spencer Rascoff will be CEO of the combined company. I will continue to run Trulia under the new structure, reporting to Spencer, and will join the Board of the combined company.
This news means new possibilities for our employees and greater value for our shareholders. This also means significant benefits for buyers, sellers, homeowners and real estate and rental agents, such as:
1) Faster Innovation. By combining resources, the companies expect to accelerate innovation on mobile and Web to provide more valuable tools and services to consumers and professionals.
2) Greater Access to Free Real Estate Market Data. The companies expect to share real estate market data, housing trend analysis, and forecasts to make more free data available to consumers and real estate professionals to empower people to make more informed decisions.
3) Broader Distribution. Home sellers and their agents, brokerages and participating MLSs will benefit from seamless free distribution of listings across even more platforms to reach an even larger audience of consumers.
4) Enhanced Value and ROI for Advertisers. The companies expect to offer shared services and marketing platforms for advertisers that enhance productivity and marketing and deliver greater return on their investment.
I know this announcement may come as a surprise for many of you. Trulia was doing great as a standalone company. However, we believe that combining with Zillow will allow us to do much more together than apart. And I can tell you that after working closely with Zillow’s team the past few weeks, it has become apparent to me that Zillow‘s business is highly complementary to Trulia’s, and Zillow’s vision, strategic goals and objectives are closely aligned with ours.
Many of you may have questions about what this will mean for you. Here’s what I can tell you today: First of all, Trulia’s brand and culture are not going away. Zillow admires and respects our culture. It is one of the key reasons they want to combine with us. Additionally, this deal will mark the beginning of a new chapter of growth and opportunity to innovate for our customers and our employees.
Second, we are just beginning what will be a lengthy process, as the proposed transaction will require both customary regulatory and shareholder approvals. We believe these processes could take several months, and we expect the transaction will close in 2015. During this time, despite the many possible distractions, it is absolutely critical that we maintain our focus on delivering the best products and experiences for our customers and partners.
In the months to come, we will share additional operational details, with the bulk of the details announced around the closing of the transaction. As part of this process, we will work with Zillow to form a transition team comprised of employees from both companies, who will focus on integration planning for Trulia and Zillow. I want to assure you that — as always — we intend to be as transparent as possible and will keep you informed as decisions are made and information becomes available.
Business leaders throughout Trulia are setting up meetings with their teams to talk through the transaction, so each of you will have more opportunities to discuss any questions about how this might affect you. For now, it is business as usual, and for the time being, our normal operations are not affected whatsoever by this announcement. Trulia and Zillow are and will remain completely separate companies until the transaction closes. I’ll reiterate the importance of staying focused, even in the face of the many distractions from this announcement.
I am grateful to be part of the talented team we have here, and I thank you for all of your hard work, passion and dedication. We will be holding an employee all hands at 10:00 a.m. PT (details to follow) where we will discuss this further. I look forward to working with you as we prepare for this next step in our journey.
Full statement from Trulia
On July 28, 2014, the following entry was posted on Trulia, Inc.’s corporate blog:
TODAY MARKS A NEW AND EXCITING CHAPTER FOR TRULIA AS WE AGREE TO BE ACQUIRED BY ZILLOW
Today, we have some exciting news to share https://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20140728005503/en/Zillow-Announces-Acquisition-Trulia-3.5-Billion-Stock, as Trulia is embarking on a new and exciting chapter. We’ve signed an agreement to be acquired by Zillow, which will enable us to accelerate our efforts to revolutionize the home search process for consumers, help professionals build their businesses and create additional value in adjacent markets. I’m excited about the benefits this combination will bring to the consumers, agents, brokers, franchises and data providers we work with every day.
Over the last 10 years, we have successfully built Trulia from the ground up by staying focused on our vision – to fundamentally improve the way that home buyers, sellers, renters and home seekers find a place to live and the way that agents and brokers connect with them to power their businesses. It’s clearly been working and today’s news further validates and invigorates our mission. It is also a reminder that our journey has really just begun.
Zillow will acquire Trulia in a stock-for-stock transaction in which Trulia stockholders will receive shares in the combined company equivalent to 0.444 shares of Zillow for each share of Trulia, and will own approximately 33% of the combined company at closing, on a fully diluted basis. At closing, I will remain as CEO of Trulia reporting to Zillow CEO, Spencer Rascoff, and will join the Board of Directors of the combined company. In addition, a second member of the Trulia board of directors will join the board of the combined company.
Trulia and Zillow will maintain our individual consumer brands and operate as separate companies. The combined company will offer buyers, sellers, homeowners and renters access to vital information about homes and real estate and provide advertising and software solutions that help real estate professionals grow their businesses.
Together, we will create an even stronger organization by bringing together the shared talent, technology and deep industry relationships of Zillow and Trulia. We can align our time, energy and resources into building the best online real estate experience by accelerating innovation on mobile and desktop platforms and providing more valuable tools and services to consumers and professionals. We can also work together and in partnership with the real estate industry to ensure more free data is made available to consumers, which can empower people to make better decisions. With broader and seamless distribution, home sellers, agents, participating brokerages, franchises and MLSs will be able to reach an even larger audience of consumers. Finally, together we can offer shared services and marketing platforms for advertisers to enhance productivity and deliver great return on our customers’ investment with us.
I know this announcement may come as a surprise for some of you. Over the years, in this first chapter, as we have participated in the growth of the industry with Zillow, mutual respect grew. We believe that combining with Zillow will allow us to do much more together than apart.
It has never been a more exciting time to be in the real estate industry. Here’s to the next exciting chapter!
Zillow seeks a patent to fill out forms electronically – sounds familiar…
(TECHNOLOGY) In yet another broad patent application, Zillow is aiming for ownership of the ability to fill out “transactional documents” electronically.
In yet another obscenely broad patent application, Zillow is aiming for ownership of the ability to fill out “transactional documents” electronically.
The official patent application describes “generating electronic transactional documents using a form generating system” and “using a design tool that allows a user to place data entry fields over an image or snapshot of a transactional document.”
If that sounds familiar, it’s because virtually every website that allows customers to e-sign anything already does this. Some concerns also address the fact that services such as DocuSign – a service in which both Google and NAR invested – and even Google Forms might fall under this category.
Should Zillow see this patent approved, it could spell disaster for a huge operational segment of any real estate sale: the actual signing of a contract.
What’s odd about this patent application is the bizarre, gaslighting-lite language it uses to pitch the idea of something that is already used widely on the internet. In the background section, the patent claims that “Most of the time the parties are not in the same physical location when the offers, counteroffers, and acceptances are signed. Fax machines are often used to facilitate the process, as well as emailing scanned documents.”
The background continues with, “Sellers, buyers, and their agents are often not in the same contemporaneous physical location. Therefore, signed documents are often faxed between parties, with original signed copies being retained for the closing.”
Using the implied inconvenience of a physical fax machine as an argument for the efficacy of electronic documents makes sense, albeit in an obvious kind of way; however, using this argument to support the notion that Zillow should be able to claim a patent that gives them domain overall electronic forms in the real estate microcosm seems particularly villainous.
It’s also worth noting that, should this patent be granted any time soon, the likelihood that the world will still be in the grips of the COVID-19 pandemic is high. From the patent office’s standpoint, restricting the remote signature options of any real estate firm not affiliated with Zillow during a period of time in which purchasing property is already laborious and dangerous shouldn’t even be an option.
Time will tell whether or not Zillow is successful in achieving its bid for e-signing. Other document-signing services may be able to dispute the patent, but Zillow’s history of scooping up unlikely patents is undoubtedly on their side.
Zillow hit with another lawsuit after iBuying collapse, claiming they misled investors
(REAL ESTATE) Stockholders are suing, alleging that Zillow publicly praised the iBuying program despite knowing it was dying, and they claim to “suffer significant damages.”
Zillow Group was hit late Thursday with yet another investor lawsuit on the heels of the collapse of their iBuying program (“Zillow Offers”). Hillier v. Zillow Group, Inc. et al in the Western Washington District Court is seeking class action status in this federal securities lawsuit, alleging that Zillow failed to disclose to investors that they did not have the ability to price homes for their Zillow Offers program, and that paired with a known supply and labor shortage, led to an inventory backlog.
The suit claims that under these conditions, Zillow (ZG) knew they would have to end the iBuying program, which would hurt their bottom line, something investors were not made aware of. In fact, this suit notes that company leadership continued to speak positively in public, making “materially false and/or misleading statements” about the program despite their overpaying for numerous homes and selling them at a loss.
In the Notice of Related Cases filed, Braua v. Zillow Group, Inc., et al., and Silverberg v. Zillow Group Inc., et al. were cited, both of which are seeking damages for allegations of misleading investors. The Hillier suit is specifically seeking to certify a class of Zillow stock buyers who made purchases from Aug. 7, 2020, and Nov. 2, 2021.
The new lawsuit outlines the following (our words, not theirs):
- Zillow launched the home buying program in 2018 to rapidly flip properties.
- By close of 2019, they were in 22 markets, and the program accounted for half of their annual revenue ($1.4B).
- On August 05, 2021, the company released Q2 earnings, citing $772M from the iBuying program, roughly 60% of their annual revenue. In the release, Defendant Rich Barton said that their “iBuying business, Zillow Offers, continues to accelerate as we offer more customers a fast, fair, flexible and convenient way to move” and “is proving attractive to sellers even in this sizzling-hot seller’s market.”
- In October, RBC Capital Markets began cooling on Zillow, lowering their price target for the stock, warning that Zillow Offers would likely miss quarterly expectations, dragging ZG down from $91.40 on October 01 to $85.68 on October 04.
- Shortly thereafter, in October 2021, Zillow announced they would be halting the program through year’s end, and stocks continued to slip.
- In November, the company released their Q3 financials and simultaneously declared an end to the program and a 25% workforce cut.
It appears that the crux of the Hillier case is that leadership continued to praise the program even as it declined, right up until the Q3 earnings statements went public and it could no longer sustain the program.
“As a result of defendants’ wrongful acts and omissions, and the resulting declines in the market value of the company’s securities, plaintiff and other members of the class have suffered significant damages,” the suit concludes.
As recently as this week, InvestorPlace said, “it’s going to be a while before ZG stock could make a comeback,” noting that Zillow’s house is not in order.
Zillow nixes iBuying program and cuts 25% of staff, consumers go wild
(REAL ESTATE) After Zillow hit pause on their iBuying program, they’ve now cut it altogether and laid off staff. Can Zillow haters gloat yet? Maybe not…
Today, Zillow Group announced their plan to shut down the Zillow Offers program (known as their iBuying initiative), also announcing a cut in their workforce of roughly 25%.
With a backlog of over 9,800 homes (several thousand more than they reported just days ago) that need to be sold, and a current 8,200 under contract that they’re still moving forward with purchasing, the company can’t simply cite labor and raw materials challenges.
The rapid escalation of the program in the past quarter is part of the subsequent sunsetting wherein they’ll be eating a $304 million in losses, and another $240-$265 million expected additional losses on pending properties.
They’ve instantly become famous for using their algorithm to wildly overpay on a ton of product, then losing their shirts for it.
Zillow Co-Founder and former CEO said earlier this week that he assumed purchasing would resume in Q1, but fellow Co-Founder and current CEO, Rich Barton stated, “We’ve determined the unpredictability in forecasting home prices far exceeds what we anticipated and continuing to scale Zillow Offers would result in too much earnings and balance-sheet volatility.”
Barton added, “While we built and learned a tremendous amount operating Zillow Offers, it served only a small portion of our customers. Our core business and brand are strong, and we remain committed to creating an integrated and digital real estate transaction that solves the pain points of buyers and sellers while serving a wider audience.”
This combination of conditions has plenty of real estate professionals (that have long hated Zillow) gloating on social media.
We recently urged our readers to not get excited about their last announcement that they’d be pausing the iBuying program, and we stand by that today for several reasons:
- Fully 25% of their workforce got a pink slip today and that is nothing to celebrate – they’re people whose lives were just upended. But not Rich Barton’s, he’ll be just fine.
- This program is one of many for them and these losses don’t matter much in the bigger picture – it was a very small piece of their pie.
- Even if Zillow stopped getting every listings feed on the planet and every Realtor stopped giving them their money, they’ve created a scenario where they’ve applied for (and been granted by the federal government) nearly every conceivable generic patent on real estate online. Their evil genius will help leadership to survive any storm, like it or not.
Does the shutdown of this program spell doom for the iBuying model in general? It could be seen that way, or it could be seen that they moved far to quickly, or simply that economic conditions collided to make the perfect storm which wasn’t in their favor.
Either way, from our vantage point, the program has always felt like they were playing with Monopoly money, or like they were enjoying being WSB bros, and it’s now over and a lot of people are out of work today.
What will always remain consistent is real estate practitioners reminding each other that they’re who have fed the beast since day one, like this Realtor:
The only real downside for Zillow is the public relations hit they’re taking with consumers who are going wild about the news:
So you're telling me I could have tricked Zillow into buying my house no questions asked. pic.twitter.com/I1zBfBYPv6
— Khalid 🦃 (@buhakmeh) November 3, 2021
When I saw this on Tiktok I felt so powerless. I thought nobody would listen and that Zillow would gobble up half the houses in the US and nobody could stop them.
I'm so glad they're fucked.
— Daiv (@TheBoves) November 3, 2021
Zillow thought they were the smartest kids in the room https://t.co/jz3VaTcoMn
— 𝗣𝘂𝗻𝗸𝗥𝗼𝗰𝗸 & ᶠᵘᶜᵏ ᵗʰᵃ ᵖᵒˡⁱᶜᵉ (@PunkRockClub) November 3, 2021
Zillow a villain lowkey
— JWET ADDICT 🇭🇹 (@A1_vakabon) November 3, 2021
Stay tuned for what money moves Z makes next. This story isn’t over.
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